Satellites russes d'observation de la terre: les plans d'ici 2020

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Vous trouverez, pour référence, le programme de lancement des différents types de satellites d'observation de la terre pour les 7 prochaines années. Cela devrait porter le nombre de ces satellites à 26. Sont au programme: Les Ressources-P, Meteor-M, Meteor-MP, Electro-L, Electro-M, Canopus-V, Observation-O, Observation-R, Cartograph-OE, Canopus-B-IR, le tout en nombre variable de 1 à 3 exemplaires...

Les russes privilégient donc les satellites à visée sociale.

Spoiler:
13/11/2012 Roscosmos plans to constellation of remote sensing to 26 units

Orbital satellite remote sensing (RS) by 2020, according to plans, should consist of 26 satellites, said on Monday the head of technical policy and quality Roscosmos Michael Khailov.

"The closest we will launch this year in late November, we plan to launch a satellite" Resource-P ", which will have to replace another unit ERS" Resource-DK. "The resolution on the satellite" Resource-DK "was about one meter, and the "Resource-P" is already 80 centimeters. Besides, "Resource-P" will operate in seven spectral bands, "- said Khailov, speaking at the conference" Modern problems of remote sensing of the Earth from Space "in Moscow.

He said that the launch of the second satellite "Resource-P" in 2013, the third unit of the series to be launched in 2016.

According to him, in 2015, the orbit must work full group hydrometeorological devices such as "Meteor-M". He recalled that the first satellite in the series was launched in 2009 and now it operates in orbit by 2015, these satellites should be four.

"Also, work is underway on the next generation of meteorological satellites -" Meteor-MP ". Launch of the first satellite in the series is planned for 2016," - said Khailov.

He also said that the group satellites "Electro-L" should be brought to term, three vehicles. Now in orbit operates one satellite of this type.

"In 2013, plans to launch a second satellite in the series, which will run over the Atlantic, and in 2015 - the second satellite, it will operate over the Pacific. All spacecraft contracted" - said Khailov.

According to him, the experts also are working to create a next generation of satellites, "Electro-M".

"In 2018 it is planned to launch the first satellite of this type, by 2020 there will be three such satellites. They will replace vehicles" Electro-L "," - said the representative of the Russian Space Agency.

As part of the project "Artika" in 2015, plans to launch the first of two satellites "Artika-M", the second to be launched in 2016.

Mikhailov also said that the completed flight tests of a Russian satellite remote sensing "Canopus-V", the experts went to its operation.

"The second satellite of this type are planned for launch in 2015, the third - in 2016," - said Khailov.

He recalled that, together with this product has been launched another Russian satellite remote sensing - MKA-FKI, who now works in orbit.

He said that the launch of the second satellite ICA-FCI in 2013, the third - in 2014, the fourth - in 2015. All must be in orbit four satellites of this series.

In addition, in 2017 and 2018. plans to launch two satellites of "Cartography, MA."

Mikhailov also said that by 2018, should also be launched satellite remote sensing "Review-O" (four unit) and "Overview of P" (two satellites).

"The launch of the first satellites of both series is planned for 2015. By 2018, will launch three more satellites" Review-O "and one -" Review-R ". Devices of this series will provide full coverage of Russia for seven days. Addition, the satellites will have high radiometric accuracy ", - concluded the representative of Roskosmos, RIA Novosti reported.

KI

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13.11.2012 Release of meteorological "Meteor" and "Power" will continue

Roskosmos and Roshydromet agreed that the issue of weather satellites "Meteor" and "Power" will continue and will be expanded group, told the head of technical policy and quality Roscosmos Michael Khailov.

In 2009 launched the first since the 1990's the Russian Meteorological Satellite - "Meteor-M-1", and in 2011 was launched into geostationary orbit vehicle "Electro-L". However, it appeared that the defects of their on-board equipment is such that the devices can be used only with great limitations.

Mikhailov said that the first devices are essentially a test instance.

"Not everything can be checked on the Earth, the first machine - this product flight tests, we run them, yes, there are comments. But here it is necessary to correct, then it is necessary to correct, devices basically good" - said Khailov the sidelines of the conference "Modern problems of remote sensing of the Earth from Space "in Moscow.

"So we went to Roshydromet initiative: let protirazhiruem these satellites ... Head Hydromet Alexander Frolov, head of Roscosmos, Vladimir Popovkin made the decision that we will make more satellites" - said Khailov.

He explained that the previous plans called for the launch of three satellites "Meteor", they now added two more satellites in this series. In turn, the number of satellites "Electro", it was decided to bring up to three, according to RIA Novosti.

KI

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13.11.2012 The launch repeater "Luch-5B" is planned for early 2014

Running Russian satellite repeater "Luch-5B" is scheduled for the beginning of 2014, said on Monday the head of technical policy and quality Roscosmos Michael Khailov.

"In early 2014, will be launched spacecraft" Luch-5B "- Khailov said, speaking at the conference" Modern problems of remote sensing of the Earth from Space "in Moscow.

He recalled that the first device of this series, "Luch-5A" was launched in December 2011, the second relay satellite "Luch-5B" was launched on November 3 this year.

With the launch of the third series of the unit orbital Russian relay satellites will be staffed, according to RIA Novosti.

KI

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13/11/2012 Satellite "Canopus" may order the foreign customers - Roscosmos

Remote sensing satellite "Canopus-V" performed well during the flight tests, it is possible that such devices will be ordered and foreign countries, said the head of technical policy and quality Roscosmos Michael Khailov, RIA Novosti reported.

"The first unit is in orbit, the second is a competition. Now we are considering the issue of duplicating machine, and it is, I hope, will be in demand by our community, and in Russia, and may be abroad," - said Khailov, speaking at the conference, dedicated satellite remote sensing of the Earth.

KI

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13/11/2012 Russia's first "fire" satellite will be launched in 2015

The first Russian satellite with an infrared camera that can record from orbit fire areas, will be launched in 2015, the chief of the Office of Technology Policy and Quality Roscosmos Michael Khailov.

"(IR) equipment is in high availability, it was decided that using" Canopus-B-2 "will be installed this scanner, it will be called" Canopus-B-IR ", is scheduled for launch in 2015," - said Mikhailov at a conference in Moscow devoted to the issues of remote sensing.

The new satellite will be able to close a strip 2000 miles and noticed a fire on the "patch" five by five meters, RIA Novosti reported.
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